Maria Grzegorzewska was born on 18 April in 1888 in Wołucza near Rawa Mazowiecka (Poland), died 7 May in 1967 in Warsaw (Poland). She was an educator and a theorist of special education. After graduating from a private school in Warsaw (1907) she graduated from the Faculty of Life Sciences at the Jagiellonian University in Cracow (Poland). Since 1913 she studied at the Faculty of International Education in Brussels and then at the Sorbonne, where in 1916 received the title of Doctor Of Philosophy. In 1919 he returned to Poland and all her scientific activities were focused on special education.
Below there are presented selected photos from the Grzegorzewska Museum, which is located at the Academy of Special Education in Warsaw at ul. Szczęśliwicka 40 (Building A).
~~Maria Grzegorzewska worked as a clerk for the special education in MWRiOP, where she organized special schools and courses for teachers of this type of education. She was among the initiators and founders of the National Institute of Special Education in Warsaw (1922), whose director she was almost till the end of her life. In 1930, in cooperation with W. Radwan, she founded the State Institute for Teachers in Warsaw, which she run until 1935. During the Second Republic of Poland she participated in numerous conferences and congresses organized in Poland and in Europe, among others in the IV Congress of the International League of New Education in Locarno ( 1927), the Second Congress of Teachers of Special Schools (1934 ), in the National Congress of the Child ( 1938). After the outbreak of World War II M. Grzegorzewska was a nurse in hospitals of International Federation of Red Cross. From November 1939 to August 1944 she worked as a teacher in the Special School No. 177 in Warsaw. She also took part in the underground teachers’ education , lecturing at The Institute of Education, The Polish Teachers Union and participated in the secret educational activities organized by the Delegation of the Government in London. She took part in The Warsaw Rising. After the end of World War II, she took an active part in the drafting of the National Institute of Special Education. In the years 1965-1960 in Poland she was the first director of The Department of Special Education at The Warsaw University.
Maria Grzegorzewska co-edited magazines "The Polish Archives of Psychology " (1930-1934), "The Special School" and "The Education Movement". She was a member of national and international organizations and associations, e.g. The International Society for Therapeutic Pedagogy, The Polish Society for Combating Disabilities Polish Psychiatric Association, The Polish Association of the Deaf.
In her scientific work alluded to the achievements of modern science its representatives on education - to O. Decroly, E. Clapared, J. W. David, S. Schuman and others. She mainly dealt with research in the field of special education teaching pedagogy and theory of art education.
Another area of Grzegorzewska’s research was the penetrating the problem of teacher’s education. In the field she developed theoretical assumptions of a complete characteristic of the teacher's personality, which mainly emphasized the issue of development of the educational relationship between a teacher and a student. The most important personality trait for a teacher she recognized was the love for children.
She also dealt with the theory of aesthetic education, believing that art and emotional development of pupils play a crucial role in the education of children and youth. Her research interests concerned the psychic structure of the visual and tactile reading and the therapy in clinics and rehabilitation centres.